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What are the side-effects of finasteride?




Finasteride is a drug, often prescribed by andrologist in Islamabad to improve the symptoms of enlarged prostate by opposing the action of natural body hormone—dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Apart from diseased prostate, this drug is also approved for use in male pattern baldness. However, as with all drugs, finasteride also has its own set of side-effects. Read on to know more about finasteride, its dosing, uses and side-effects:

What is finasteride?

Finasteride is a prescription oral drug that belongs to the class of antiandrogens. It is, therefore, used to treat a number of conditions in men. As an antiandrogen, this drug works by decreasing the male sex hormone, mainly dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body.

In men, the sex hormone testosterone is converted to dihydrotestosterone by the action of enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which in turn is inhibited by finasteride. This enzyme is concentrated in prostate, hair follicles, liver and seminal vesicles and at all these sites testosterone is converted to DHT for action.

Under the influence of DHT, cells enlarge in the prostate, and there is worsening of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and its symptoms, like: urinary retention, nocturnal micturition, difficulty in starting the stream and interrupted micturition.

In the scalp skin, dihydrotestosterone is responsible for male pattern baldness, and thus finasteride being an antiandrogen opposes this action of DHT.

What are the uses of finasteride?

Finasteride is used to treat:

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH: as mentioned before, prostate can grow in size under the influence of hormone DHT, and finasteride can inhibit further growth and improve the symptoms of BPH. It takes at least six months before symptoms of BPH improve.
  • Male pattern baldness: finasteride is used to treat male pattern baldness but takes at least three months before improvement occurs. This drug can slow hair loss, but only for the duration of therapy.

What are the side-effects of finasteride?

Finasteride being an antiandrogen has a lot of sexual side effects like:

Common side effects:

  • Decrease in sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction—trouble getting or maintaining erection
  • Difficulty in ejaculation
  • Skin rash
  • Gynecomastia or breast enlargement in men
  • Breast pain in men
  • Depression

Less common side effects:

  • Swelling of tongue, throat or face
  • Hives and welts on skin
  • Tingling of hands and feet
  • Increase in weight or unusual weight loss

Rare side effects

  • Inverted nipples
  • Bloody discharge from nipple
  • Axillary lumps
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach pain
  • Decreased amount of semen
  • Headache
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Testicular pain

What are the warnings with finasteride?

There are some warnings with finasteride, including:

  • Allergy warnings: finasteride can produce severe allergic reactions so much so that bronchospasm and breathing difficulty can occur, along with, swelling of the tongue and throat. Without prompt medical help, such an allergic reaction can be life-threatening. For patients who are allergic to this drug, repeat dose can be fatal.  
  • People with prostatic cancer: finasteride should not be used in prostate cancer.  
  • People with liver disease: this drug is processed or metabolized by the liver. In liver disease, the drug can slowly build up in the bloodstream and increase the risk of side effects. If need be, the healthcare provider reduces the dose of this drug.   
  • Women who are pregnant: finasteride is only approved for use in men. Pregnant women should not take this drug due to the risks posed to the fetus. This drug also passes in the semen so pregnant partners should be protected if one is taking this drug.
  • Women who are breastfeeding: finasteride may pass through the breast milk to the baby and should never be used in lactating women.  
  • Children: this drug is not approved for use in children.  
  • Interaction with other medication: finasteride may interact with other medications; therefore, a thorough medical and pharmacological history should be given to the healthcare provider.  

What is the dosage of finasteride?

For male pattern baldness, healthcare providers recommend 1mg of oral finasteride, while the dosage prescribed by andrologist in Lahore for BPH is 5mg.

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5 Benefits of Activity Mats for Babies



Mats for Babies

Activity mats are great ways to keep your baby occupied, especially when they’re so young they can’t engage in more substantial activities like tummy time and crayon coloring yet. They’re also easy to clean and easy to store, which makes them an excellent choice for busy parents on the go. For these reasons and more, activity mats are one of the best things you can get your baby as he grows from an infant into a toddler and beyond, so we’ve got five benefits of activity mats to consider if you’re shopping around for one for your little one.

1) Improve Motor Skills

Whether you’re a new mom or dad, you’ve probably seen your child use an activity mat, either in person or on a commercial. The idea behind activity mats is simple: they keep babies entertained while you take care of other things—so that baby has something fun to do (such as play with colorful toys), and you have some time to work. If your child has just learned how to sit up unassisted, it may be time to think about getting him an activity mat. Such a simple toy could not only help develop motor skills and hand-eye coordination; it also encourages young children who don’t yet understand cause and effect to start experimenting—and learning through trial and error.

2) Encourage Cognitive Development

Why you should see for affordable activity mat? Because they help stimulate your child’s senses, from sight to touch, activity mats provide great entertainment that encourages learning at a young age. An activity mat can also keep your baby occupied while you get things done around the house or take care of other chores.

3) Are Portable

Using an activity mat is a great way to keep your baby occupied when you need to get something done. Many activity mats are lightweight and portable, which makes them easy to travel with. If you’re going on vacation or visiting family, it’s easy to take along an activity mat so that your little one can play while you’re busy doing other things.

4) Provide Comfort

Your baby’s activity mat may not be the most popular place in your home, but it is a highly sought-after one. There are no hard corners or parts on an activity mat—making it a comfortable place to rest. For example, you can place your baby on his back to play with rattles or toys—and because there are no hazards such as cords or strings present, there’s less risk of him accidentally falling off while playing with these types of items.

5) Stimulate Imagination

Baby-entertainment products are a multibillion-dollar industry and seem to be growing every year. But most parents don’t realize that there are affordable (and sometimes even free) ways to stimulate your baby’s imagination with everyday household items. An activity mat can help your child explore new senses and develop important motor skills. To create one of these low-cost play mats, simply gather an old blanket, some pillows, or even an old bed sheet.

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3 Ways to Improve Your Hot Water System’s Efficiency



Hot Water System's

Hot water heating systems are used to heat up water from the tap. However, there are many different types of hot water systems that can make it difficult to determine which one will best fit your needs and lifestyle. There are also many benefits associated with having a well-functioning and the best hot water system in Australia, such as lower energy bills and increased comfort at home. With proper care and maintenance, your hot water system can continue to provide you with endless hours of comfort as well as lower utility bills. Here are three ways to improve your hot water system’s efficiency at home.

1.   Use Water Saving Devices

If you’re looking for ways to save water and cut costs, start by thinking about your hot water system. By installing a low-flow shower head, aerator or other device in your bathroom, you can reduce your water consumption by 15 percent or more. Many older systems have old pipes that lose some heat on their way from tank to tap—installing a line of pipe insulation can help prevent that loss.

And if you’ve got an electric tankless water heater, make sure it’s getting all its power; check for circuit breakers or reset them if necessary. Remember that energy efficiency is important not just because it saves money but also because it reduces carbon emissions. All those steps add up!

2.   Fix Leaks

Leaky faucets and showerheads waste gallons of water per day. You’d be surprised how easy it is to fix a leak—just replace washers or gaskets. Installing new faucet aerators can also dramatically improve your hot water system’s efficiency; in fact, you might see your bill decrease by as much as 20%. A poorly functioning hot water heater is another common cause for leaks; when sediment builds up on heating elements, heat escapes instead of transferring to your home.

To prevent unnecessary leaks and reduce energy costs, make sure that all your pipes are properly insulated and sealed. For example, don’t forget about under-the-sink pipes! Also keep an eye out for PEX tubing installed with poor fittings or crimped at tight angles – if they get pinched or crimped too tightly over time, they may begin leaking as well. Lastly, keep in mind that repairs don’t have to cost a lot – some quick DIY fixes could save you money on pricey repairs down the road!

3.   Install a Bigger Tank

If you have a tank-style water heater, you might be able to increase your hot water supply without having to replace your current unit. A larger tank allows you to turn down your thermostat or lower your gas or electric bill while still providing enough hot water for showers and laundry. This is a relatively low-cost option that can make a difference in terms of comfort, convenience and cost savings.

A bigger tank will help reduce standby losses, too – when energy is used even though nothing is being heated up in your home. The DOE estimates that standby losses account for as much as 10 percent of total annual energy costs in a typical American household. Talk with a local plumber about adding on or replacing an existing tank if you think it might be right for you!

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How To Refresh Your Personal Style?



Personal Style

Your personal style is what makes you, you. It’s the things you like to wear, the way you do your hair, the way you dress—it’s all uniquely you. Everyone has their own personal style, and it’s one of the things that makes them stand out from the crowd.

Some people might think that having a personal style is only for celebrities or fashion models, but that’s not true. You can have a personal style, too, and it doesn’t have to be expensive or complicated. In fact, your personal style can be as simple as wearing clothes that make you feel comfortable and confident.

So, what is personal style? In a nutshell, it’s the things that make you look and feel like you. It’s the clothes you wear, the way you do your hair, the way you express yourself through fashion. It’s all uniquely you, and that’s what makes it so special.

Personal Style at Home

There is no single answer to the question of what constitutes personal home style because everyone’s individual preferences and lifestyles are unique. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you create a home environment that reflects your personality and taste, whether you seek out interior design help or tackle the project yourself.

One of the most important things to consider when defining your personal home style is your lifestyle. If you lead a busy, active lifestyle, you’ll want to opt for a home decor style that is functional and easy to maintain, such as minimalism or Scandinavian design. If you prefer a more relaxed and comfortable lifestyle, on the other hand, you may want to go for a more eclectic or Bohemian style.

Once you have a general idea of the style you want to go for, start thinking about the specific elements that will define your home. This could include things like your favorite colors, the type of furniture you prefer, or the decorative accessories you like to use. It’s important to be true to yourself and your personal taste when creating your home decor, as this is what will make it feel like a true reflection of you.

Of course, there is no wrong or right answer when it comes to personal home style—it’s all about what makes you happy! So don’t be afraid to experiment until you find the look that’s perfect for you.

Personal Clothing Style


When it comes to personal clothing style, there are no hard and fast rules. Some people prefer to dress casually, while others like to dress up. There are also those who enjoy mixing and matching different styles to create their own unique look.

One thing to keep in mind, however, is that you should always dress in a way that makes you feel comfortable and confident. If you’re not comfortable in what you’re wearing, it will likely show in your demeanor and you won’t feel your best. If you’re happiest wearing thebeginningof womens clothing, for instance, you‘re probably most comfortable in sustainable athleisure, rather than stiff, more formal clothing.

That being said, there are a few tips that can help you develop a clothing style that’s right for you.

One of the most important things is to find clothes that fit well. This doesn’t mean that you have to wear expensive designer clothes; it simply means finding clothes that fit your body type and that are comfortable to wear.

Another important thing is to choose colors and styles that reflect your personality. If you’re a bright and colorful person, for example, you may want to choose clothes that reflect that. If you’re more of a reserved person, you may want to stick to more muted colors and styles.

It’s also important to think about what you wear on a daily basis. If you work in a professional environment, you’ll likely want to dress in a more conservative manner. If you’re more casual, you can wear more relaxed clothing.

The key is to find a style that makes you feel good and that you can stick with on a daily basis.

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