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Explain the Concept of Profit and Loss with Examples

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Concept of Profit and Loss

The profit and loss formula is a mathematical formula that is used to calculate the selling price of a product and to determine how profitable a company is. There is a cost price and a selling price for any product. We may measure the profit or loss made for a specific product based on the values of these prices. The terms cost price, fixed, variable, selling price, market price, and semi-variable cost are all discussed here. 

For a merchant, for example, if the sale price of a product is higher than the cost price, it is a profit; if the cost price is higher than the selling price, it is a loss. In this post, we’ll go over benefit and loss principles, as well as how to solve problems based on them. Profit and loss concepts are used in retail to calculate the selling price of a product. There is a cost price and a sale price for any product on the market. We can measure the profit made as well as the loss of money in a specific product using the values of these rates. If the value of the sale price is greater than the cost price of a commodity for any shopkeeper or seller, it is profit for the seller.

Profit and Loss Basic Concepts

Let us discuss profit and loss concepts in maths. It can be explained in terms of cost price and selling price.

Profit (P)

The amount or sum gained by selling a product with more than its estimated cost price.

Loss (L)

The amount or sum the seller attains after selling the element less than its cost price is mentioned as a loss in business.

Cost Price (CP)

The amount paid for a product or service to purchase is called a cost price. Also, expressed as CP. This cost price is further classified into two different kinds:

  • Fixed Cost: The fixed cost is constant and not variable, it doesn’t vary under any circumstances
  • Variable Cost: It could vary depending on the number of units purchased or sold.

Selling Price (SP)

The amount at which the product is sold is called the Selling Price of the product. It is usually expressed as SP. Also, sometimes called a sale price of the product.

Marked Price Formula (MP)

This is commonly labeled by shopkeepers to offer a discount to the local customers.

Profit and Loss Examples

  • If a seller brings a note for Rs.120 and sells it for Rs.140, then he has made a profit of Rs.20/-.
  • If a buyer has bought a textile material for Rs.200 and he has to sell it for Rs.100/-, then he has gone through a loss of Rs.100/-.
  • Suppose, Raiya brings a football for Rs. 500/- and he sells it to his comrade for Rs. 650/-, then Raiya has made a profit of Rs.150 

These are some very common examples of the profit and loss concept in real life, which we observe regularly in our day-to-day activities.

Profit and Loss Formulas

Now let us discuss the profit formula and loss formula.

  • The profit or gain is exactly equal to the selling price minus the cost price.
  • Loss is equal to the cost price minus the estimated selling price.

Conclusion

Visit the website cuemath.com to know more about the concepts and sub-topics of profit and loss. The concepts of profit and loss are very vital and important because these mathematical operations are needed in our daily activities.

From calculating the price of a normal household commodity to see if you made any profit while shopping, you need the working and understanding of profit and loss. Visit website Cuemath.com that helps students practice important questions regularly, which will help enhance and engage their math automaticity and accuracy skills.

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Business

How To Increase Your Company’s Profits?

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Company's Profits

If you’re looking to increase your company’s profits, there are a few things you can do. Keep reading to find out what you can do to make your business more profitable.

Implement diversity, equity, and inclusion practices.

There is a lot of research that supports the notion that diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) are a must in the workplace. DEI can help you increase your company’s profits by creating a more inclusive environment where all employees feel valued and can contribute their best work.

A study by McKinsey & Company found that companies in the top quartile for racial and ethnic diversity are 35 percent more likely to have financial returns above their respective national industry medians. Furthermore, companies in the top quartile for gender diversity are 15 percent more likely to have financial returns above their respective national industry medians.

This research shows that a more diverse and inclusive workforce is a financial boon for companies. DEI policies and practices create an environment where all employees feel valued and can contribute their best work. This in turn leads to innovation and improved decision-making.

Seek out CFO advisory services.

A CFO advisory service is a service that provides companies with advice on financial planning and management. CFO advisory services can help companies improve their cash flow, optimize their spending, and make more strategic decisions about their finances. By using a CFO advisory service, a company can get an outside perspective on how to improve its financial situation and increase its profits.

Cut costs and increase efficiency.

One way to boost profits is to cut costs and increase efficiency. Cutting costs can be done by reducing expenses, such as salaries, benefits, and other operating costs. Increasing efficiency can be done by making changes to the way the company operates in order to make it more efficient. For example, a company could improve its supply chain management or reduce the amount of waste it produces.

Set goals and create a strategy.

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There are a few key things that you can do in order to increase your company’s profits. The first step is to set goals and create a strategy. You need to have a plan in place in order to achieve your goals, and you need to be sure that your goals are realistic and achievable. You should also make sure that your strategy is flexible so that you can adapt it as necessary.

Develop new marketing campaigns.

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Developing new marketing campaigns is one of the best ways to increase profits for a company. By creating new, innovative campaigns, a company can reach out to new customers and bring in more business. There are many different types of marketing campaigns that can be used to achieve this goal.

One type of campaign is called an integrated marketing campaign. An integrated marketing campaign involves using a variety of different marketing techniques to reach potential customers. This might include using TV commercials, online ads, and direct mailers all at the same time. This type of campaign can be very effective in reaching a large number of people.

Another type of marketing campaign that can be successful is a targeted campaign. A targeted campaign focuses on specific groups of people who are likely to be interested in the company’s products or services. For example, a company might target women who are pregnant or have young children if they sell baby products. Focusing on a specific group like this allows the company to tailor its advertising and messaging specifically for that group’s needs and interests.

Finally, companies should consider using guerrilla marketing tactics as part of their overall marketing strategy. Guerilla marketing is when companies use unusual or unexpected methods to promote their products or services. This might involve using creative advertising stunts or sponsoring events in unique locations. Guerrilla marketing can be very successful in getting attention from potential customers and helping the company stand out from its competitors.

Train employees on new procedures.

This includes making sure that everyone understands the goals of the new procedures and how their individual roles contribute to the overall goal. By ensuring that everyone is on the same page, companies can avoid confusion and miscommunication, which can lead to decreased productivity and profits.

Another way to increase profits is through employee training on how to improve their own productivity. Many companies offer training programs that teach employees time-saving techniques or how to better manage their workday. These types of training can help employees feel more confident in their abilities and lead to increased efficiency in the workplace. When employees are able to work more productively, it leads to increased profits for the company.

Overall, increasing profits is an important goal for any business. There are many ways to achieve this goal, and the most effective approach depends on the specific business.

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Business

5 Recruitment Mistakes Your Business Must Avoid

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Business

Every manager believes they are hiring the best candidate for a role but may later feel disappointed by a person’s attitude, behavior, or competencies. 

Also, it might feel frustrating if a new employee leaves the business for a reason that could have been spotted during the recruitment process.

Save your business time and money by learning about the following five recruitment mistakes to avoid.

  1. Failing to Promote Internally

The best candidate for a senior position or another role in the business might be under your nose. 

Hiring external candidates can not only drain morale, but it is also more expensive than promoting internally. 

Don’t bypass talented internal employees and consider your team’s competencies, ambitions, and work ethic. Avoid setting standards that few people can meet to widen the talent pool and increase your company’s likelihood.

If you’re unsure about your employees’ skillsets or question their abilities, your business could benefit from a talent management and performance management platform from thinqi.com.

It can not only help your business review your employees’ readiness for a specific role, but also nurture top talent and help a team reach its potential.

  1. A Prolonged Recruitment Process

A lengthy recruitment process could cause your business to miss out on talented candidates.

If the recruitment stages are drawn out, a skilled professional might lose interest in a position and pursue a career elsewhere. 

Remember, many candidates will apply for many roles in an industry, and they might not think twice about accepting another offer.

  1. An Inaccurate Job Description

An inaccurate job description will cause unsuitable internal or external candidates to apply for a position at the company. 

It will not only waste professionals’ time and get their hopes up but also slow down the recruitment process.

Make the experience much easier by writing an accurate job description. If in doubt, ask the head of a department to review the copy to ensure it checks every box. 

It could help you choose from many suitable candidates and avoid wasting time on the wrong applicants.

  1. Using the Same Recruitment Source

Don’t make the mistake of using the same recruitment source for all external hires, as it will limit your company’s talent pool. 

Grab the attention of many qualified candidates by using various recruitment platforms to encourage many job applications.

For instance, you could advertise a vacancy on:

  • Various employment agency websites
  • Local newspapers
  • Job boards
  • Your business website
  • Your company’s social media accounts

The more you advertise a vacancy, the more exceptional candidates you can interview for a role.

  1. Setting Unrealistic Standards

It makes sense you will want to hire an extraordinary candidate for a role. As a result, you might request that candidates have many degrees, niche computer skills, and a specific employment background and characteristics. 

However, if you do so, you might find few people applying for the role, as jobseekers might believe they cannot meet your company’s high (and unrealistic) standards. 

Avoid setting standards that few people can meet to widen the talent pool and increase your company’s likelihood of hiring a talented professional.

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Business

How To Make Your Business More Socially Conscious?

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Business

As a business owner, you have the power to make a difference in the world. By making your business more socially conscious, you can help create a better future for all. And there are many ways to make your business more socially conscious. Below are just a few ideas to get you started.

Create a diverse policy statement and discuss inclusion in the workplace.

What does it mean to be inclusive in the workplace? To be inclusive in the workplace means to make an effort to understand and consider the diverse backgrounds, needs, and perspectives of all employees. This includes ensuring that everyone feels comfortable and welcome in the workplace, regardless of their race, ethnicity, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, religion, age, or disability status. Inclusive workplaces are those that recognize and value the individual differences among employees. They strive to create an environment where everyone feels respected and valued, and has an opportunity to contribute their unique perspective. Inclusive workplaces also promote equality and diversity, which can help improve employee morale and productivity. Businesses can become more socially conscious and inclusive in the workplace by creating a diversity policy statement, training staff on how to be more aware of unconscious bias, setting an example, offering paid leave for employees with family care responsibilities, and promoting flexible work arrangements.

Choose sustainable packaging to reduce waste.

One aspect of being more socially conscious is increasing sustainability efforts. Many packaging materials are not biodegradable. This can lead to a lot of waste in landfills and other environmental problems. Choosing biodegradable packaging is a great way to be more socially conscious and reduce the amount of waste your company produces. There are a number of benefits to using biodegradable packaging. First, it helps reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills. Second, it helps reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that are produced. And third, it helps conserve natural resources. Earthwise Packaging is a company that creates sustainable and biodegradable packaging made from plant materials. The company’s products include jars and other containers are carbon neutral and made from sugarcane instead of plastic. Earthwise Packaging is committed to sustainability and reducing the environmental impact of its products. All of the company’s products are certified bio-based by the USDA BioPreferred program and meet ASTM D6400 standards for compostability.

Advocate for social justice causes on behalf of your company.

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This can include things like working to end human trafficking, fighting for equal pay, or supporting refugees. There are many ways to get involved in these causes, and each business can find the one that best suits its needs and interests. Some companies choose to donate money or resources to social justice organizations. Others may choose to raise awareness about social justice issues among their employees or customers. And still others may choose to lobby for change at the government level. Whatever approach a company takes, it is important that they align their values with those of the social justice cause they are supporting.

Collaborate with other socially conscious businesses.

One way to make your business more socially conscious is to collaborate with other businesses that share your values. This can take many forms, such as a formal partnership or simply working together on specific projects. By collaborating with like-minded businesses, you can pool your resources and expertise to create a bigger impact. You can also use collaboration as a way to raise awareness about social issues. For example, you could team up with a charity to host an event or fundraiser. Or you could work with a local school to promote environmental education. Whatever the project, collaborating with other socially conscious businesses can help you make a positive difference in your community.

Educate employees about social responsibility.

This can include teaching them about the company’s values and how they can make a positive impact in their community. You can also provide resources such as online training modules, articles, or eBooks that discuss social responsibility topics. Employees who are aware of the company’s social responsibility goals will be more likely to act in accordance with them. For example, if the company aims to reduce its environmental impact, employees who are aware of this goal will be more likely to recycle and turn off lights when they leave their workspace. Educating employees about social responsibility can also help create a culture of philanthropy within your organization. Employees who feel connected to their workplace and its mission are more likely to want to give back to their community. This could involve volunteering at a local charity or donating money to a cause that is important to them.

There are multiple ways to make a business more socially conscious, and the most important part is that the business owner or leadership team is on board with the idea. Making a business more socially conscious can help it to be more successful in the long run by appealing to a wider customer base, creating a more positive image, and attracting top talent.

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