Concrete wall forms are one of the most important things needed for the construction of a building. These forms act as a solid mold and a barrier that keeps the cement fluid in place until it becomes hard and takes a desirable shape. When the concrete is contained in a mold, it takes its shape, which makes it easy for construction workers to build walls and roofs.
The types and qualities of concrete wall forms vary, and some even contain additional characteristics, such as insulation, surface designs and patterns, and more. While it is a matter of preference whether you want to go for insulated or designer concrete wall form, it is necessary for you to be careful about the quality and type.
Luckily for you, we are going to discuss different types of concrete forms and explain the criteria for their selection during a construction project.
Types of Concrete Wall Forms
There are 5 basic types of concrete wall form used in casting: insulated, wooden, steel, concrete, and foam. Each of them is explained in detail below. Keep on reading.
- Insulated Concrete Forms
Insulated concrete form (ICF) is relatively a new kind of concrete form, which contains hollow blocks made of the material responsible for insulation. The material is fitted so closely together in the blocks, which makes insulation more possible.
Insulated concrete form systems are constructed over a foundation slab, which becomes a part of the foundation for the project, including the wall system. When the insulated concrete form is to be used, the reinforcements are placed within the blocks, and then it is filled with the concrete.
To understand better, it can be said that the insulated form and the concrete take an image similar to a sandwich. The insulated form system is energy-efficient. And one of its great advantages is that the forms don’t have to be removed through the implementation of ICFs. Once the concrete is filled in the system, it doesn’t need removal.
- Wooden Concrete Forms
Wooden forms are one of the most common and convenient types of concrete forms. It is basic and doesn’t cost a lot of money, that’s why it’s most conventional. The wooden concrete form is usually used in projects where concrete casting is not to exceed the height of 6 inches. As its name suggests, the wooden concrete forms are made of wooden boards which are nailed or screwed together to form a required shape of mold or frame for the concrete to fill in.
If the form is to be sloped or tilted, workers use special leveling equipment. If the desired shape of concrete requires curves or different freestyle designs, workers employ thinner cross-sections to make it happen.
The wood can easily stick to the concrete forever. Therefore, workers apply a kind of releasing agent or a low-grade oil to the inner surface of the wooden concrete form, so the concrete doesn’t stick to the surfaces and the framework easily comes off when the concrete inside is hardened.
If kept maintained and cleaned, wooden concrete forms can be used multiple times, which is icing on the cake, considering how they are already pretty cost-effective.
- Steel Concrete Forms
Steel concrete forms are made of steel, which makes them more durable and strong. If steel concrete forms are kept properly maintained, they can even be used up to 2000 work cycles. Thus, it is definitely more durable than wooden forms and provides a better long-term solution in construction projects.
Another thing that precedes steel forms over wooden ones is that steel forms don’t absorb moisture from the concrete that is placed inside its frame. Thus, there is a lesser chance of observing errors and mishaps after the steel-concrete is removed.
- Concrete Wall Forms
Concrete wall forms are much different than other wall forms. The concrete wall form is a pre-manufactured forming system used in the casting of walls of a large area – or foundations and piers. This system is different than wooden form or steel form; however, concrete wall forms are a mixture of wood and steel. The engineering of these forms involves wooden panels with steel framing. Columns of wood connect with each other to form a wall or a panel, having separate steel frames and support. But in some cases, these forms are totally made of steel.
The individual elements in concrete wall forms are held together with the help of large pins and latches. To hold the reinforcements in place during the pouring of concrete cement, high-grade ties are used.
These systems are manufactured in different sizes, widths, and shapes, but similar to other kinds of wall forms, they can also be customized according to a specific wall size or any other project requirement.
One great thing about these concrete wall forms is that they are reusable, which makes them cost-effective.
- Foam Concrete Forms
Foam concrete forms are the most non-traditional and uncommon type of concrete forms. It is used rarely, only in special projects. Foam concrete forms also work in an untraditional way, having concrete cement being poured from upside down. That way, the desired finish of concrete becomes possible.
Foam concrete cement isn’t literally made of foam. They are either built from acrylic glass, laminated board, or melamine. Foam concrete forms create negative spaces between the hardened concrete, but it brings an artistic look to the final cast.
How to Select a Concrete Form
Selecting a concrete wall form for your construction project is a tedious task, especially if you aren’t experienced much. The selection of a concrete form system depends on the use of it – how and where it would be used.
And to answer these questions, you need to consider concrete pour size, pressure on the form, type of compaction, weight on the form, and the amount of concrete to retain.
A few key elements to take care of when choosing a concrete form are:
- You can either own a concrete form or rent it. Only own it if you have long-term use of it. If not, it is better to rent it – and if you are renting it, choose the one that is more economical and fits your needs.
- Where aesthetics matter, steel form takes precedence because of its ability to provide a finer finish with little-to-none holes on the cast, as compared to wooden forms.
- If you are looking for tolerance and durability in the concrete form, we’d suggest steel concrete forms. They are stiffer, provide a cleaner finish, and do not absorb any moisture from the concrete, unlike wooden ones.
- The familiarity of the workers also matters. A loss is likely to occur if the workers have no experience with the chosen concrete form type.
- If the concrete is to be curved, turned, and have offsets, steel-concrete forms would work best. If cost is an issue, thin wood forms can also be used.
- If the structure you are building is of a low height, wooden forms might be the best choice. Steel forms usually work best when the structure is at least 20-feet tall – it would require support and extra bracing which would work better with steel forms instead of wooden.
7 Signs Your Commercial Roof Needs Repaired
It’s a commercial roof, so you know it needs repaired or replaced eventually. But do you know when?
Roofing commercial buildings are not the same as residential roofs. Commercial roofs have to withstand more wear and tear because of their height and weight capacity. The last thing you want is a commercial roof that leaks over your employees or customers.
Our guide will help you identify seven different indicators that may indicate a need for repair on your commercial roof.
1. Sagging or Sloping
One of the most obvious signs that your commercial roof needs repaired is if it has a sagging or sloping appearance. A sag in your commercial roof can cause extensive damage to interior ceilings and walls below.
It also puts extra strain on the seam between sections, making them more likely to tear open. This could lead to costly repairs if the issue is not resolved immediately.
You may need a replacement instead of just a commercial roofing repair at this point, depending on how severe the slope seems from an exterior view. Similarly, check for any holes or tears along seams where two roofs meet when looking at slopes.
2. Curling, Flaking, or Peeling
If you notice curling, flaking, or peeling on the surface of your commercial roof, it is time to call a professional for repair.
This often occurs when a metal panel becomes exposed and starts oxidizing from exposure to the elements over time. This means it will need to be replaced instead of just being repaired. Oxidation can cause significant damage in addition to leaks caused by curling, peeling, or flaking.
A lack of maintenance can cause this type of damage and may indicate other problems with either installation or material quality. It doesn’t cost much to get your commercial roof inspected at least once every few years.
There are many signs that your commercial roof needs repaired. If you spot any of these issues, it’s time to hire a professional from Mighty Dog Roofing Northwest Atlanta so they can inspect the exterior and search for internal problems such as leaks or faulty installation.
Cracks in your commercial roofing and flashing mean it is time for a professional to take a look. Cracked panels can cause leaks that won’t just damage your ceiling but also the structural integrity of the building below.
This problem should not be taken lightly because once one crack appears, more will follow quickly if not repaired immediately. It gets worse when rainwater gets inside and spreads out across metal plates, causing rust due to oxidation.
Water penetration could lead to significant problems such as corrosion on interior structures along with costly repairs and replacements. But you can save money by calling for repair before water damage gets too far.
Cracks could also be an indication that installation or material quality might be poor. So it could lead to other problems if left unaddressed for too long.
Rust on your commercial roof could be a sign of oxidation, as mentioned above. But it can also indicate other problems with installation or material quality.
It usually means that the panels were not installed correctly. It also offers evidence to support poor installation and a possible lack of quality control during manufacturing.
A rusty metal roof will eventually lead to leaking, which is why it is important to fix this problem as soon as possible. If rusting occurs, you should consider replacement instead of just repair. The existing panels will not be able to hold up against continued exposure and corrosion over time.
5. Squeaky or Noisy
Another sign that your commercial roof needs repaired is if it emits squeaking, cracking, popping, or other noises when there isn’t any wind. This usually indicates loose fasteners on the panels.
It also means they aren’t tight to the frame of your building which can cause leaks and damage inside. It could also lead to more noise than you want in a commercial property.
When the roof is not properly anchored, it might cause other problems with panels getting loose or damaged during high winds. And can lead to leaks and even major damage over time if left unaddressed.
The best way to avoid this problem is by regularly inspecting for damaged screws and bolts so they won’t get loose due to wear and tear.
6. Musty Odors
Mold and mildew emit musty odors, which means there is moisture build-up in your commercial roof. It is likely caused by a leak that hasn’t been repaired yet, but could also be due to poor installation or material quality problems.
It might not always involve leaks since it can happen when the ventilation system doesn’t work properly and allows humidity into the property. If this happens often enough, then mold will grow inside because of high levels of humidity indoors.
Water penetration through your roof may have already happened if you are smelling mustiness even though there aren’t any visible signs on the exterior surface yet. The same goes for stains appearing on ceilings below, indicating internal water leakage.
You should hire a professional to inspect the exterior of your commercial roof and search for any signs that it has been improperly installed. They should also determine if material quality is poor or if there are manufacturing defects resulting in defective products.
Check out this local roofer for commercial roofing solutions.
7. Clogged Drainage System
Your commercial roof needs to be repaired if water can’t properly drain through the drainage system.
It usually happens when debris and trash get stuck in there, making it harder for rainwater to flow off of your rooftop. Eventually, this problem will lead to leaks and damage inside because of pooling water from heavy rainfall or snowfall.
You should clean your roof regularly to prevent this problem. And consider hiring professionals for deep cleaning of the drainage system if you don’t have time or access to equipment like high-pressure water pumps that can really blast through any blockages inside.
Repair vs Replace: Signs of Commercial Roof Repair NY
There are many signs that your commercial roof needs repaired. If you spot any of these issues, it’s time to hire a professional so they can inspect the exterior and search for internal problems such as leaks or faulty installation.
Upgrading the Heating System in Your Home
A comfortable, warm and welcoming home is what everyone needs and deserves, especially when winter rolls around and sets in. Making your home warm and toasty will ensure that you can enjoy living in your home all year round, and not just when the sun is shining. Upgrading your heating system ensures your home stays warm, but what do you need to think about when looking at upgrading?
What You Need To Think About and Consider
You must think about the different types of systems currently available on the market, and you need to think about what is well suited to your budget and your home. For example, is upgrading your gas boiler the best way forwards? As well as thinking about the type of boiler and central heating system to install, you need to consider when to get the work carried out. Having your central heating system renewed or even replaced is a job that takes a few days, so you want to ensure you can be at home for when the work is carried out.
Why You Need to Upgrade the Heating in Your Home
Old heating systems are clunky; they are expensive to use, and they are not as energy-efficient as they can be. If your central heating system is not efficient or even effective, then it will end up costing you lots of money. A poor heating system will cause you frustration just a little further down the line, so avoid this frustration by looking at upgrades now. When you focus on upgrading the central heating within your home, you can focus on enjoying your home a lot more all year round.
Using a Specialist or Expert
Installing a new or even upgraded system needs to be done by a professional, especially when gas is involved. When you are looking at central heating Stafford installations and improvements, having a professional to carry out the installation and subsequent checks is essential. You do not want to be tampering or messing with gas, especially if you do not know what you are doing, as gas leaks within the home can cause serious illness and possibly even worse.
Looking at Running Costs of a New System
Once you have decided which expert to use, then you next need to look at what system to install. A professional gas engineer will be able to guide you as to which system is best suited for your home and your pocket. Running costs may vary according to the size of the system and the number of radiators installed, so always seek professional assistance to ensure you make a correct and informed decision.
Initial Outlay versus Potential Savings Of course, upgrading the heating system within your home will cost you money upfront, but when you look at the potential savings you can make, you should see that you are making a sensible decision. Saving more money in the long run and focusing on a more energy-efficient heating system is what your home and family needs.
5 Creative Ways to Add a Pop of Color to Any Room
Our homes are a reflection of our personalities. So is how we choose to decorate those rooms. With a little bit of color, you can change how a room makes you feel, and express yourself.
Are you curious about how to add color to a room, but don’t know where to start?
It doesn’t have to be hard. Here are five easy and creative ways to do it.
Plants and Flowers
Plants and flowers are easily portable and swappable, allowing you to try them out in different rooms or in different areas of the same room.
Real plants will add an organic, natural touch. Even better, they will be good for you too. Houseplants can reduce stress and increase your overall sense of well-being.
They are a great way to make a space look great and make you feel great.
Add Some Bold Lighting
Lighting is more than a necessity for your home. It can set the mood and change the look and feel of a space.
Some of the boldest and most colorful lighting choices are LED neon lights. There are way too many designs and colors to talk about here, but if you want to discover more on LED lighting, a little research will go a long way in helping you determine the lighting that’s right for your space.
Incorporate Art Into Your Space
One of the easiest and most immediate ways to add color to a room is to incorporate art.
There’s a lot of different art pieces you could incorporate into a room. You could choose to go with paintings, photographs, or a sculpture. For something a little different, you could choose to hang a wall tapestry.
You may think that artwork can be expensive. That’s true, but mostly for original pieces of work. Prints are cheaper than original paintings.
Other inexpensive art options include wall decals, framed textiles, and art from new artists.
Also consider checking out local artists in your area, as well as any friends or family members you may have who are artists. Picking up your art in person can save you from having to pay shipping costs.
Use Area Rugs to Find Color and Pattern Inspirations
An area rug will often have an existing pattern or color palette you can use to work from. You can choose what colors you like most from the rug and choose to highlight those throughout the room.
If you’re looking for cheap ways to add color to a room, an area rug is a great way to test the waters and see what you like before you make a bigger (and more expensive!) commitment like wall-to-wall carpeting.
Use Accessories to Add Extra Touches of Color
Accessories is a broad term and can encompass pretty much any decorative object that hasn’t been mentioned yet.
A bowl of fruit can be a simple (and delicious) accessory to your home. Accent pillows and a throw can be easily swapped in and out to suit your taste. Candleholders, planters, and even fireplace screens and tools can add a touch of color and class to your home.
Accessories allow for a plethora of customization and color options. Little extras like these can add a pop of color to a room.
That’s How to Add Color to a Room
These are some simple ways to add color to a room without painting. It’s that easy. You don’t have to wonder how to add color to a room, it only takes a few changes to make a big impression.
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